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22 décembre 2015

Nouvelles sur le tabagisme de Stop-tabac.ch
Préparées par Jean-François Etter
Le 22 Décembre 2015


- La e-cigarette : vapoter pour se sevrer - entretien avec Ivan Berlin
- Cigarette électronique : nouvelle dramatisation des risques inhérents à l'inhalation d'additifs alimentaires
- Throat Hit in Users of the Electronic Cigarette: An Exploratory Study.
- Oral nicotine-substituted cytisine atomized liquid and its preparation method
- The 13 most meaningful jobs in America

La e-cigarette : vapoter pour se sevrer - entretien avec Ivan Berlin

Faut-il prescrire le vapotage avec pour objectif la réduction des risques liés à la consommation de tabac, ou même l'aide à l'arrêt ? Comment appréhender ce drôle d'objet de grande consommation pas bien identifié sur le plan sanitaire ?

Le Dr Ivan Berlin, chercheur en pharmacologie clinique au département de pharmacologie de l'hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, tabacologue, ancien président de la Société française de tabacologie, et membre de notre comité de rédaction, lauréat en 2004 pour le National Institute on Drug Abuse, du Distinguished International Scientist Collaboration Award, fait avec nous le point sur la cigarette électronique. Un point d'étape, car, comme il prévient d'entrée de jeu : tout bouge dans ce paysage-là.

http://www.edimark.fr/Front/frontpost/getfiles/22647.pdf (09 12 2015)
(22 12 2015)


Cigarette électronique : nouvelle dramatisation des risques inhérents à l'inhalation d'additifs alimentaires

K. Farsalinos: In conclusion, the article is creating false impressions and exaggerates the potential risk from diacetyl and acetyl propionyl exposure through e-cigarettes. They failed to mention that these chemicals are present in tobacco cigarette smoke and violated a classical toxicological principle that the amount determines the toxicity and the risk:

http://www.ecigarette-research.org/research/index.php/whats-new/whatsnew-2015/236-da2

et J-Y Nau:

http://jeanyvesnau.com/2015/12/09/cigarette-electronique-nouvelle-dramatisation-des-risques-inherents-a-linhalation-dadditifs-alimentaires/

et

http://www.lepoint.fr/sante/des-substances-chimiques-dangereuses-dans-les-cigarettes-electroniques-09-12-2015-1988414_40.php

et

http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/15-10185/ (09 12 2015)
(22 12 2015)


Throat Hit in Users of the Electronic Cigarette: An Exploratory Study.

A cross-sectional survey on the Internet in 20122014 was used to study the throat hit, the specific sensation in the throat felt by users of e-cigarettes. Participants were 1672 current users of e-cigarettes, visitors of Websites dedicated to e-cigarettes and to smoking cessation. It was assessed whether the strength of the throat hit was associated with the characteristics of e-cigarettes and e-liquids, modifications of the devices, patterns of use, reasons for use, satisfaction with e-cigarettes, dependence on e-cigarettes, smoking behavior, and perceived effects on smoking. The strongest throat hit was obtained by using better-quality models and liquids with high nicotine content. Those who reported a very strong throat hit used liquids with 17.3 mg/mL nicotine, versus 7.1 mg/mL for those reporting a very weak hit (p < .001). The strength of the throat hit was also associated with ratings of dependence on e-cigarettes, and with the perceived efficacy of e-cigarettes to relieve craving for tobacco and to facilitate smoking cessation. All the variables assessing satisfaction with e-cigarettes were associated with a stronger throat hit. From a public health perspective, there is a trade-off between e-cigarette models that provide high levels of nicotine, a strong throat hit, high satisfaction, and more effects on smoking, but may also be addictive, and models than contain less nicotine and are less addictive, but produce a weaker throat hit, are less satisfactory, and are possibly less efficient at helping people quit smoking. This trade-off must be kept in mind when regulating e-cigarettes.

Etter, Jean-François

Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Dec 14 , 2015.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/adb0000137 http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2015-55796-001/ (15 12 2015)
(22 12 2015)


Oral nicotine-substituted cytisine atomized liquid and its preparation method

The present patent application provides an oral nicotine-substituted cytisine atomized liquid and its preparation method. The oral nicotine-substituted cytisine atomized liquid includes the following components in mass percentage per 1 L of the oral atomized liquid: 0.1-10% of tobacco, 0.3-15% of cocoa extract, 0.1-0.9% of cytisine, 0.1-0.5% of TWEEN 80 and 75-90% of primer. The liquid can be obtained through the steps of weighing tobacco into an extraction tank, filtering the extract to obtain the filtrate, adding cocoa extract, cytisine and primer to the filtrate and mixing evenly.

http://www.google.com/patents/US20140373855

See also:

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S1516-31802012000500014&script=sci_arttext&tlng=es (13 08 2015)
(22 12 2015)


The 13 most meaningful jobs in America

If your goal in life is to make the world a better place, you should probably pursue a job in education or healthcare. Twelve of the top 13 most meaningful jobs in America, according to PayScale, fell into one of those two categories.

Read more: http://uk.businessinsider.com/most-meaningful-jobs-in-america-2015-7?r=US&IR=T (23 07 2015)
(22 12 2015)


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