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01 décembre 2015

Nouvelles sur le tabagisme de Stop-tabac.ch
Préparées par Jean-François Etter
Le 01 Décembre 2015


- Berne réaffirme l'interdiction de vente de liquides à la nicotine
- Cigarette électronique et réduction du risque : il faut aider les vapoteurs à mieux vapoter
- A sobering thought: One billion smokers and 240 million people with alcohol use disorder worldwide
- Traduzioni italiane
- American mothers die in childbirth at twice the rate they did in 2000

Berne réaffirme l'interdiction de vente de liquides à la nicotine

L'Office fédéral de la sécurité alimentaire et des affaires vétérinaires (Osav) a édicté le 12 novembre une décision de portée générale, interdisant formellement la vente de liquides contenant de la nicotine pour e-cigarettes. Le patron d'Insmoke ne compte pas se laisser faire. Il prévoit de faire recours contre la décision de portée générale auprès du Tribunal administratif fédéral...Lire l'article:

http://www.20min.ch/ro/news/suisse/story/Berne-stoppe-la-vente-de-liquides---la-nicotine-31892015

et aussi

http://www.20min.ch/ro/news/suisse/story/Il-se-met-hors-la-loi-pour-provoquer-la-justice-suisse-19258718 (26 11 2015)
(01 12 2015)


Cigarette électronique et réduction du risque : il faut aider les vapoteurs à mieux vapoter

Dans une nouvelle étude, un chercheur de l'Université de la cité de Calvin et de Rousseau s'est penché sur le comportement de vapoteurs utilisant différents types de cigarettes électroniques. 2807 vapoteurs vivant en France (988), aux Etats-Unis (579), en Suisse (310), au Royaume-Uni (N=143) et dans d'autres pays (787). Il a alors constaté que ces derniers modifient souvent le type de leurs e-cigarettes et la nature de leurs e-liquides. Pourquoi ? Notamment pour obtenir un meilleur goût et de meilleures saveurs .

Et ce chercheur a noté que les modèles récents de cigarettes électroniques (rechargeables, modifiés) sont perçus comme plus satisfaisants et plus efficaces pour s'abstenir de fumer que les anciens modèles. Tout cela vient d'être consigné dans une publication que l'on peut retrouver sur le site de la revue Addiction : Characteristics of users, and usage of different types of electronic cigarettes: findings from an online survey

Lire l'article:

http://jeanyvesnau.com/2015/11/24/cigarette-electronique-et-reduction-du-risque-il-faut-aider-les-vapoteurs-a-vapoter/

et:

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.13240/abstract (24 11 2015)
(01 12 2015)


A sobering thought: One billion smokers and 240 million people with alcohol use disorder worldwide

A new study published today in the journal Addiction has compiled the best, most up-to-date evidence on addictive disorders globally. It shows that almost 5% of the world's adult population (240 million people) have an alcohol use disorder and more than 20% (1 billion people) smoke tobacco. Getting good data on other drugs such as heroin and cannabis is much more difficult but for comparison the number of people injecting drugs is estimated at around 15 million worldwide.

The Global Statistics on Addictive Behaviours: 2014 Status Report goes further in showing that the harm to society from legal drugs is many times the harm from illicit drugs. For example, alcohol use is estimated to result in loss of 257 disability adjusted life year per 100,000 of population compared with just 83 for illicit drugs.

There are huge regional differences in use of addictive drugs. The heaviest drinkers are in Eastern Europe where 13.6 litres of alcohol is consumed per head of population each year, followed by Northern Europe at 11.5 litres. Central, Southern and Western Asia have the lowest consumption at 2.1 litres.

Eastern Europe also has the most smokers at 30.0% of adults, closely followed by Oceania at 29.5% and Western Europe at 28.5%. This compares with Africa at 14%. North and Central America with the Caribbean have the highest rates of injecting drug use at 0.8%, which is more than twice the rate in Northern Europe at 0.3%.

The authors of the report note that there are important limitations to the data, more so for illicit than legal drugs, but believe that putting all this information in one place will make it easier for governments and international agencies to develop policies to combat this scourge. The report's lead author, Associate Professor Linda Gowing, based at the University of Adelaide in South Australia, said Bringing all this data together has been very challenging but having this global snapshot in one accessible resource should prove invaluable for policymakers and researchers.

UCL (University College London) Professor Robert West, an author of the report and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Addiction, which commissioned the report, said The most striking thing to emerge is how much more damage is done to society by legal drugs than illegal ones. It is a stark reminder of how the need to create shareholder value can work against global health and wellbeing.

Gowing LR, Ali RL, Allsop S, Marsden J, Turf EE, West R, and Witton J. (2015) Global statistics on addictive behaviours: 2014 status report. Addiction 110:6, 904-19. Doi: 10.1111/add.12899.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.12899/abstract (06 08 2015)
(01 12 2015)


Traduzioni italiane

Nous cherchone un-e bénévole pour traduire quelques pages du site stop-tabac.ch en italien. D'avance merci. Réponses: contact(à)stop-tabac.ch (26 11 2015)
(01 12 2015)


American mothers die in childbirth at twice the rate they did in 2000

Between 1990 and 2013, the US's maternal mortality rate surged 136%...read more:

http://qz.com/400530/american-mothers-die-in-childbirth-at-twice-the-rate-they-did-in-2000/ (12 05 2015)
(01 12 2015)


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