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26 novembre 2013

La newsletter de stop-tabac: les sujets clés de l?actualité mondiale sur le tabagisme

Sélection réalisée par Jean-François Etter

Le 26 novembre 2013

- New York relève l'âge pour acheter des cigarettes
- Les maladies cardiovasculaires sont en nette augmentation
- Les normes corporelles fluctuent d'un pays à l'autre
- BMJ: TB smoking toll 'could reach 40m'
- Chattez avec un médecin tabacologue

New York relève l'âge pour acheter des cigarettes

La ville de New York a voté mercredi pour relever de 18 à 21 ans l'âge légal pour acheter tabac et cigarettes, devenant la première grande ville américaine à prendre une telle mesure contre le tabagisme des jeunes. Lire la suite...

http://tdg.ch/sante/sante/New-York-releve-l-ge-pour-acheter-des-cigarettes/story/31189376 (01 11 2013)
(26 11 2013)

Les maladies cardiovasculaires sont en nette augmentation

Le Monde - Quatre cents décès par jour en France: si rien n'est fait pour prévenir et combattre les maladies cardiovasculaires, qui font autant que de morts que le cancer, le nombre des personnes touchées risque de s'accroître considérablement à l'avenir, avertissent des cardiologues. Ces pathologies sont actuellement la première cause de mortalité chez les femmes et chez les plus de 65 ans. Lire la suite...

http://www.lemonde.fr/sante/article/2013/10/26/les-maladies-cardiovasculaires-sont-en-nette-augmentation_3501791_1651302.html#xtor=AL-32280270 (28 10 2013)
(26 11 2013)

Les normes corporelles fluctuent d'un pays à l'autre

Le Monde - La valorisation de la minceur reste très variable selon le sexe et les pays, souligne une enquête internationale conduite dans 13 pays de 4 continents, publiée mercredi 23 octobre. Dans ce monde qui sacrifie aux apparences, "l'écart entre corps désirable et corps réel est important dans nombre de pays", constate l'étude réalisée auprès de 20 000 personnes. Lire la suite...

http://www.lemonde.fr/vous/article/2013/10/23/les-normes-corporelles-fluctuent-d-un-pays-a-l-autre_3501361_3238.html#xtor=AL-32280270 (28 10 2013)

BMJ: TB smoking toll 'could reach 40m'

Forty million smokers could die from TB by 2050, research suggests.
Smokers are about twice as likely to get the lung infection and die from it, compared with non-smokers. Many of the new TB cases will be in Africa, the eastern Mediterranean and Southeast Asian regions, according to projections published in the BMJ.
A lung charity said global efforts to fight TB are being undermined by the tobacco industry's "aggressive promotion" of smoking in some places. Dr John Moore-Gillon is a TB specialist and honorary medical advisor for the British Lung Foundation.
He said: "It is nearly 20 years since the World Health Organization declared tuberculosis to be a 'global health emergency'. "Since that time rates have risen rather than fallen, and smoking increases the risk of getting - and dying from - TB. "Concerted international efforts are now under way to try and turn the tide of TB, but this important research shows that all these efforts may be undermined by the tobacco industry's continuing aggressive promotion of smoking in many parts of the world." Mathematical model
Nearly a fifth of people in the world are smokers; many in countries with high rates of TB where multi-national tobacco companies have expanded their markets. Smoking is a known risk factor for TB, and may reduce the ability of the lungs to fight off infection.
Dr Sanjay Basu and colleagues from the University of California set out to predict the impact of smoking on future TB rates. According to their mathematical model, worldwide smoking could lead to 40 million extra deaths from TB from 2010 to 2050.
If current smoking trends continue, the number of new cases of TB will rise by 18 million. Smoking alone could undermine the worldwide goal of reducing TB mortality by half between 1990 and 2015, they say.
Writing in the BMJ, the team concludes: "Tobacco smoking could substantially increase tuberculosis cases and deaths worldwide in coming years, undermining progress towards tuberculosis mortality targets. "Aggressive tobacco control could avert millions of deaths from tuberculosis."
Contagious Tuberculosis is a contagious infection that mainly affects the lungs, but can spread to other parts of the body. If not treated, it can damage the lungs to such an extent that a person cannot breathe properly. Sometimes, people do not experience any symptoms for many months or even years after being infected. TB can treated with antibiotics but is sometimes fatal.
Source: - BBC News H. Briggs - Projected effects of tobacco smoking on worldwide tuberculosis control: mathematical modelling analysis - BMJ. Online First October 4, 2011 - Sanjay Basu, David Stuckler, Asaf Bitton, Stanton A Glantz (07 10 2011)
(26 11 2013)

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