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18 octobre 2011

La newsletter de stop-tabac: les sujets clés de l?actualité mondiale sur le tabagisme

Sélection réalisée par Jean-François Etter

Le 18 octobre 2011


- France: hausse de 6 % du prix des cigarettes
- Dopage au quotidien - Congrès national
- Personalized messages help quit smoking in 4 months
- Chattez avec un médecin tabacologue


France: hausse de 6 % du prix des cigarettes

(France Soir) Depuis lundi matin (17.10.2011), le prix des paquets de cigarettes a bondi de 30 centimes d'euros en France. Une manne financière pour l'Etat plus qu'une mesure de santé publique.

A partir de lundi, fumer devient plus que jamais un luxe en France. Le prix d'un paquet de cigarettes augmente ce matin de 30 centimes. Désormais, les fumeurs ne trouveront plus de paquet à moins de 5,70 chez leurs buralistes. Le plus vendu, celui de la marque Marlboro, passe ainsi de 5,90 à 6,20 . Cette hausse de 6 % voulue par le gouvernement devrait toutefois avoir peu d'effets sur la consommation, selon les associations antitabac.

Lire la suite:
http://www.francesoir.fr/actualite/economie/nouveau-coup-tabac-hausse-6-147716.html (17 10 2011)
(18 10 2011)


Dopage au quotidien - Congrès national

Dopage au quotidien: effet (secondaire) d'une societé axée sur la compétitivité?
Mardi 8 novembre 2011
Hotel National, Berne, Suisse
Congrès national (traduction simultanée)

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Programme
8h45 9h15 Enregistrement
9h15 9h30 Bienvenue
M. Michel Graf, Directeur dAddiction Info Suisse
9h30 10h15 Les conduites dopantes: tous dopés? Et après?
M. Patrick Laure
10h15 10h45 Dopage au quotidien à l'école: comment le dopage débute bien souvent dès l'enfance
Mme Renate Bichsel
10h45 11h15 Pause
11h15 12h00 Dopage: pas uniquement une affaire du sport
M. Bengt Kayser
12h00 12h30 Discussion
M. Dwight Rodrick, Addiction Info Suisse
Cocktail dînatoire
13h45 14h30 Consommation au quotidien de substances et de médicaments en vue d'augmenter les performances psychiques: mythe, chance ou problème?
M. Lars Stark
14h30 15h15 La neurologie cosmétique au service de l'être humain
M. Bernard Baertschi
15h15 15h30 Discussion
Mme Irene Abderhalden, Addiction Info Suisse
15h30 16h00 Pause
16h00 16h45 Dans le contexte de médicaments utilisés par des personnes en bonne santé s'agit-il réellement d'une perspective d'amélioration ou plutôt d'un idéal commercial de l'industrie pharmaceutique?
Entretien avec Felix Hasler
16h45 17h15 Discussion finale
M. Michel Graf, Directeur dAddiction Info Suisse (04 05 2011)
(18 10 2011)


Personalized messages help quit smoking in 4 months

Brain responses to customized quit-smoking messages can predict how likely someone is to quit smoking four months later, reports a study published this week in 'Nature Neuroscience.'

The personalized messages activate dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, a region of the brain that is activated by thinking about oneself, says Professor Hannah Chua, lead author and research assistant, of the University of Michigan.

Study details

The research group assessed 91 smokers who wanted to quit smoking. It was a three-session tailored health intervention program.

In the first session, the researchers interviewed the participants about their health, their views on smoking and quitting.

Based on their answers and views, the researchers designed a personalized smoking cessation program.

In the next session, MRI [magnetic resonance imaging, a non-invasive procedure that produces two-dimensional view of an internal organ or structure, especially the brain and spinal cord.] -scan imaged the participants' brains to find out which areas of the brain responded to tailored and untailored quit-smoking messages.

They also observed which areas of the brain responded to neutral messages. While still in MRI, the participants were asked to make self-related, self-appraisal statements such as I am positive', and I am a sportsman.' The researchers then compared these scans with the previous scans.

In their investigation, the researchers found that those brain regions which were activated in self-related processing appeared activated during the tailored messages.

In the final session, the participants completed the full smoking cessation program designed specifically for each one.

About the result, Chua said, The bottom line is that people who are more likely to activate self-related regions of the brain during tailored message processing, particularly dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, are more likely to quit 4 months after."

Public health implications of the study

The research has extensive public health implications.

A powerful convergence of health communication techniques and information technology has generated a lot of customized, personalized, tailored health intervention programs.

The researchers said, Such widely available and affordable health intervention programs can help reduce the staggering health and societal costs of preventable illnesses.

"Emerging evidence suggests that tailored interventions can be more effective than one-size-fits-all interventions in eliciting positive health-behavior changes, including smoking cessation and weight management.

The study authors want to understand the underlying mechanisms further and eventually map the regions of the brain which are responsible for making health-improving decisions.

Efficacy of customized messages

Tailored messages typically make references to an individual's life, needs and interests, as well as to specific obstacles to achieving a desired change.

The tailored messages carry greater relevance to the person addressed, and the heightened self-reference leads to behavioral changes.

Source: http://www.themedguru.com/20110302/newsfeature/personalized-messages-help-quit-smoking-4-months-86143847.html (02 03 2011)
(18 10 2011)



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