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18 mai 2010

 

La newsletter de stop-tabac: les sujets clés de l?actualité mondiale sur le tabagisme

 

 

Sélection réalisée par Jean-François Etter
Le 18 mai 2010

 

 


Coûts et bénéfices des mesures de prévention de la santé

Le Fonds de prévention du tabagisme (TPF) et l'Office fédéral de la santé publique (OFSP) ont mandaté l'Institut de recherches économiques de l'Université de Neuchâtel (IRENE) pour estimer la rentabilité sociale des dépenses de prévention dans les domaines du tabagisme et de la consommation excessive d'alcool respectivement. Toutes les activités de prévention de la Confédération, des cantons et des organismes privés mises en oeuvre entre 1997 et 2007 ont été prises en compte, qu'il s'agisse de mesures législatives ou de campagnes d'information et de sensibilisation. L'objectif de l'étude est d'abord d'évaluer l'efficacité des moyens engagés dans la prévention afin de déterminer si, et dans quelle mesure les interventions ont contribué à la diminution observée des comportements à risque. L'efficacité des mesures de prévention est mesurée par la diminution de la morbidité et de la mortalité attribuable à la prévention. Le produit final de l'analyse coûts-bénéfices est une mesure du retour sur investissement (ROI) dans la prévention. Le ROI indique le bénéfice que la société réalise sur chaque franc consacré à la prévention. Les résultats de l'étude indiquent qu'il est rentable d'investir dans la prévention : chaque franc qui y est consacré a rapporté entre 28 et 48 francs dans le cas du tabac, et entre 11 et 29 francs dans celui de l'alcool.

 

http://www.bag.admin.ch/evaluation/01759/07612/07620/index.html?lang=fr&download=NHzLpZeg7t,lnJ6IzdeIp96km56Vm2RrnppOqdayYLGH4crdzYam3aiFfm2svWym162epYbg2c_JjKbNoKOn6A-- (23 04 2010)

(17 05 2010)

 

Nouvelle version des brochures

Les nouvelles versions des brochures Stop-tabac sont en ligne en format PDF (pas encore sur papier:

http://www.stoptabac.ch/pdf/stop-tabac1fr.pdf

http://www.stoptabac.ch/pdf/stop-tabac2fr.pdf

http://www.stoptabac.ch/pdf/stop-tabac3fr.pdf

http://www.stoptabac.ch/pdf/stop-tabac4fr.pdf

http://www.stoptabac.ch/pdf/stop-tabac5fr.pdf

http://www.stoptabac.ch/pdf/stop-tabac6fr.pdf

http://www.stoptabac.ch/pdf/broc_temoignages.pdf (03 05 2010)

(14 05 2010)

 

Book: understanding nicotine and tobacco addiction.

Cigarette smoking is estimated to lead to 4.9 million premature deaths per year worldwide. This is predicted to rise to 10 million by 2020. In western countries it kills half of all smokers who fail to stop. The prevailing model for tobacco addiction is that nicotine from cigarettes rewards smoking and punishes abstinence, tapping into a motivational system of operant conditioning that requires no conscious awareness.

However, there are also accounts which involve cognitive biases and the effect of nicotine on impulse control. The brain pathways involved have been studied extensively, but the role of different nicotine receptor subtypes and other neurotransmitter systems is still subject to debate.

In western countries, cigarette smoking as an adult has a heritability of 30-50% and candidate genes have been identified that may contribute in part to addiction susceptibility. Many socio-cultural correlates of cigarette smoking have been established, but a comprehensive model that accounts for these and links them with the psychobiological aspects of nicotine addiction has not been forthcoming.

Structured behavioural support programmes aid cessation attempts, as do a number of pharmacotherapies, most notably nicotine replacement treatments and bupropion, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear.

This book deals with the problems involved in understanding and treating nicotine and tobacco addiction. Topics covered include the nature of the worldwide health problem posed by cigarette smoking, the psychodynamics of cigarette addiction, and the basic pharmacology and biochemistry of nicotine and its effect on the brain. Further chapters analyse the genetic basis of susceptibility to nicotine addiction.

Finally, the contributors address approaches to therapy. A continuing theme in the discussions throughout the book is how best to treat nicotine addiction, given that many smokers would like to stop smoking but are unable to do so because of their addiction.

This book will be of great value to all psychologists and psychiatrists working on addiction, specifically to nicotine but also to other compounds and behaviours. It will also be of interest to neuroscientists and pharmacologists working on nicotine receptors and the brain pathways involved in dependence, as well as to biochemists, molecular biologist and to public health officials.

Publisher: John Wiley

For more information please click on:

http://www.researchandmarkets.com/product/d605b7/understanding_nicotine_and_tobacco_addiction

 

Title Index:

- The hazards of smoking and the benefits of stopping.

- Animal models for nicotine dependence.

- Defining and assessing nicotine dependence in humans.

- Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor functions in the CNS investigated with a novel method of stereotaxic gene re-expression in knockout mice.

- Nicotine-mediated activation of signal transduction pathways.

- Complementary roles for the accumbal shell and core in nicotine dependence.

- The dopamine D3 system: new opportunities for dopamine-based reward. - Pathways and systems involved in nicotine dependence.

- Localizing tobacco dependence pathways with functional brain imaging. - Pharmacogenetic approach to nicotine dependence treatment.

- Pharmacogenomics and smoking cessation.

- Receptor desensitization.

- What limits the efficacy of current nicotine replacement therapies?

- Exploring behavioural mechanisms of nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation.

- Modifying the metabolism of nicotine as a therapeutic strategy.

- Challenges in discovery and development of pharmacotherapies for tobacco addiction.

- Nicotine comorbidity.

- Animal models.

Index of contributors.

Subject index.

Pricing:

Hard Copy : EUR 103

Ordering - Three easy ways to place your order:

1] Order online at http://www.researchandmarkets.com/product/d605b7/understanding_nicotine_and_tobacco_addiction

2] Order by fax: Print an Order form from

http://www.researchandmarkets.com/product/d605b7/understanding_nicotine_and_tobacco_addiction

and Fax to +353 1 4100 980

3] Order by mail: Print an Order form from

http://www.researchandmarkets.com/product/d605b7/understanding_nicotine_and_tobacco_addiction

and post to Research and Markets Ltd. Guinness Center, Taylors Lane, Dublin 8. Ireland. (27 04 2010)

(12 05 2010)

 

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Stop-tabac.ch est un programme de l?Institut de Médecine Sociale et Préventive de la Faculté de Médecine de l?Université de Genève, financé par le Département de l?Economie et de la Santé (Genève, Suisse) et par l'Office fédéral suisse de la santé publique (fonds de prévention du tabagisme).

 

 


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